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Meningitis A,C,W, and Y
Australia & Pacific
What we have to say about your health and well being
What we have to say about your health and well being
Hay fever is the most common of all allergic diseases. It affects up to 1 in 5 people at some point in their life, around a quarter of people in the UK.
Hay fever is a reaction to airborne substances, such as pollen, that get into the upper respiratory passages – the nose, sinus, throat – and the eyes. As
part of their reproductive cycle, plants release pollen, a fine powder. Pollen contains proteins that can cause the throat, nose, sinuses and eyes to
become swollen, irritated and inflamed.
You can get hay fever at any age, however symptoms usually appear in childhood or during the teenage years. Many people find their symptoms improve as they
get older. If you have a family history of allergies, such as asthma or eczema, then you are more likely to develop hay fever.
What causes hay fever?
The most common causes of hay fever are:
Tree pollen (Spring hay fever)
Grass pollen (Summer hay fever)
Weed pollen (Autumn hay fever)
House dust mites
When these particles come into contact with the cells that line your mouth, nose, eyes and throat, they trigger an allergic reaction. They cause your body
to produce antibodies and release histamine. Histamine produces typical hay fever symptoms.
What are the symptoms?
Hay fever symptoms vary in severity and may be worse some years, depending on the weather conditions and pollen count.
The symptoms of hay fever include:
Itchy, red and watery eyes
Frequent sneezing and a bunged up or runny nose
Itching on the roof of the mouth
Coughing (caused by postnasal drip)
An itchy throat, nose, mouth and ears
Visit your local pharmacy before going to see your GP and try and treat your hay fever symptoms with over-the-counter medications.
There are various treatments over the counter for hay fever such as:
– These treat hay fever by blocking the action of histamine which then stops the symptoms of the allergic reaction. Antihistamines are effective when
treating itching, sneezing and watery eyes. You can use antihistamines as an “as required” treatment, or as a preventative treatment. They are
available in tablet form and also as nasal sprays and eye drops.
– Eye drops treat the hay fever symptoms that affect your eyes, such as redness, itchiness and watering. The drops contain antihistamine to reduce the
inflammation in your eyes, therefore relieving the symptoms.
– In the event of hay fever causing a blocked nose, a decongestant, in the form of a nasal spray, can help relieve this. They reduce the swelling of
the blood vessels in your nose, opening your nasal passage and making breathing easier. Nasal decongestants should not be used for more than 7 days.
If your symptoms don’t improve make an appointment to see your GP, as you may need treatment with prescription medications.
Self-help tips for reducing symptoms
It is possible to prevent the symptoms of hay fever by taking some basic precautions such as:
Keep your windows closed – even at night
Wear wraparound sunglasses to stop pollen getting in your eyes
Take a shower and change your clothes after being outdoors to remove the pollen on your body
Stay indoors when the pollen count is high
Apply Vaseline to each of your nostrils to trap pollen and ease soreness
Avoid drying your washing on the washing line when the pollen count is high
The most common symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) are recent onset of:
New continuous cough and/or
loss or change to your sense of smell or taste
For most people, coronavirus (COVID-19) will be a mild illness If you have coronavirus symptoms:
Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital
You do not need to contact 111 to tell them you're staying at home
Testing for coronavirus is not needed if you're staying at home
Plan ahead and ask others for help to ensure that you can successfully stay at home and consider what can be done for vulnerable people in the household
Ask your employer, friends and family to help you to get the things you need to stay at home
Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, each time using soap and water, or use hand sanitiser
If you feel you cannot cope with your symptoms at home, or your condition gets worse, or your symptoms do not get better after 7 days, then use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service. If you do not have internet access, call NHS 111. For a medical emergency dial 999
If you live alone and you have symptoms of coronavirus illness (COVID-19), however mild, stay at home for 7 days from when your symptoms started. (See ending isolation section below for more information)
If you live with others and you or one of them have symptoms of coronavirus, then all household members must stay at home and not leave the house for 14 days. The 14-day period starts from the day when the first person in the house became ill
It is likely that people living within a household will infect each other or be infected already. Staying at home for 14 days will greatly reduce the overall amount of infection the household could pass on to others in the community
For anyone in the household who starts displaying symptoms, they need to stay at home for 7 days from when the symptoms appeared, regardless of what day they are on in the original 14 day isolation period. (See ending isolation section below for more information
If you can, move any vulnerable individuals (such as the elderly and those with underlying health conditions) out of your home, to stay with friends or family for the duration of the home isolation period
If you cannot move vulnerable people out of your home, stay away from them as much as possible